Kumu Waiwai

Data on material and economic self-sufficiency.

Native Hawaiian wellbeing from the lens of kumu waiwai encompasses data on Native Hawaiian access to economic and socioeconomic assets such as land, housing, homeownership, employment and occupational opportunities, income, and benefits (e.g., social services). Additionally, ʻāina (that which feeds, often translated as land) is seen as an ancestral foundation of self-sufficiency upon which the collective wealth of the lāhui (nation) can thrive. Conditions of abundance are created through individual contributions to collective wellbeing.

  • Self-sufficiency

  • Collective wealth 

  • Economic assets 

  • Housing 

  • Employment 

  • Public assistance